Israel is the central energy point of the nations en world history
Israel is the central energy point of the nations and the world history, according to Rabbi Menachem Mendel Scheerson in one of his classes:
Psalm 82 : 1. (Rashi comment)
There is a difference of opinion about the explanation of this psalm: are we here speaking about gods or judges? How is this Psalm explained by Jewish scholars? To get more clarity about this, the view of one of the most important Jewish interpreters, the Rabbi Rashi, is shown below.
God stands in the congregation of God: to see whether they [the judges] judge fairly, and you judges, how long will you judge unjustly?
justify: If he [the poor man] is right in his cause, do not reverse the verdict to condemn him in order to favor the wicked.
They did not know: The judges who pervert justice.
and they do not understand: that because of this iniquity, they will walk in the dark (on the order of [Exod. 23:8]: “for bribery blinds, etc.”), and all the foundations of the earth will totter because of it.
You are angelic creatures: Angels. When I gave you the Torah, I gave it to you on the condition that the Angel of Death should not rule over you.
Indeed, as man, you will die: Indeed, as Adam, you will die since you corrupted your deeds as he did.
and as one of the princes: the first [princes], who died, so will you fall. The Midrash Aggadah (Mid. Ps. 82:3) [explains]: As one of the celestial princes, for it is said (Isa. 24:21): “the Lord will visit punishment upon the host of heaven on high.”
Arise, O God: Asaph commences to pray that He rise and cut off from Israel those corrupt
The effect is according to Isaiah 24:21 Rashi explains the text:
The host of heaven: He shall cast down the heavenly princes of the nations first.
"Cast down" means G-d lowers them from their temporary, more exalted position of power over the Jewish people. So they were reduced back to their normal level, where they do not have jurisdiction about the Jewish people. (Explanation of Rashi)
Rashi comment: Isaiah - Chapter 34
And all the host of heaven shall melt: They shall be frightened when I cast down the princes of the heathens.([Mss. yield:] the princes of the nations.) ([Warsaw edition:] of Assyria and Babylon.)
More than 70 nations
The new nations have their origin in the 70 nations. Examples are: Ammon, Moab, Edom and Israel, Ishmael (descendants of the family of Terach). These nations would have belonged to the nation where Terach, the father of Abram, lived in. From this nation they came as new nations.
To these new nations: God has also given an angel with the goal, so the new nations could survival. This implies that no nation can exist without a national angel (Mi Yoda).
In the Zohar, Volume III it says that Edom and Ishmael have their own angels. Also in the Zohar, Volume III, the angel of Egypt is mentioned with the lower gods during the exodus of Israel. The angel and the lower gods and Egypt were punished by God, because the nation Israel was suppressed.
Summary with conclusions
The Jewish vision states that from the original 70 nations, new nations were created. God has also added an angel to these nations. Jerusalem is an important spiritual centre. One can criticize that this vision is not scientifically tested. So it is not an empirical science, but a speculative science, such as theology and philosophy (H. Becker, Social methodology, 1977).
This applies also at historical research. For example the creation of Rome by Romus and Remulus is regarded as a legend (John Gray, 1998 and L.J. de Blois, R.J. van der Spek, an introduction to the ancient world, 1992).
The commentary of Rashi on Psalm 82 is a bit ambiguous. He puts God in the midst of the judges. On the basis of his commentary on verse 6 he seems to refer to the Jewish people that received the Torah. Then he refers in Psalm 82 to Isaiah 24:21.
His explanation of this part (isaiah 24:21) is that the heavenly princes (angels) are those who thrown down. In Isaiah 34 Rashi repeats: the heavenly princes of the pagans/nations that fall.